AYRTON, HERTHA (née Marks; 1854–1923), British physicist of Jewish parentage. She married Professor W.E. Ayrton, whom she greatly assisted in his research, especially on the electric arc. She later established the laws that govern the behavior of the electric arc. She presented many papers on this and other subjects before the Royal Society of London and other scientific bodies. During World War I, she invented an anti-gas fan which was distributed to thousands of British troops. Ayrton explained the formation of sand ripples on the seashore and, at the time of her death, was investigating the transmission of coal gas. She was the first woman to become a member of the Institution of Electrical Engineers and in 1902 was nominated for election as a Fellow of the Royal Society. However, the election of a woman to the society was impossible at the time. She played a militant role in the campaign for woman's suffrage. Hertha Ayrton had two daughters, one of whom was the wife of Israel Zangwill and the other, BARBARA AYRTON GOULD (d. 1950), was a Labour member of Parliament and chairman of the Labour Party (1939–40), and a forceful supporter of the Zionist cause in the House of Commons. Her son was the painter and sculptor, MICHAEL AYRTON (1921–1975). (J. Edwin Holmstrom)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hertha Marks Ayrton — (* 28. April 1854, Portsea in Portsmouth; † 26. August 1923 in Lancing) war eine englische Mathematikerin und Elektroingenieurin und ist eine der wenigen Frauen mit Beiträgen zur Elektrotechnik. Sie studie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hertha Marks Ayrton — (Phoebe Sarah) Hertha Ayrton, née Marks (28 April 1854 in Portsea 23 August 1923) was an English engineer, mathematician and inventor.She attended Girton College, Cambridge where she studied mathematics, and passed the Mathematical Tripos in 1880 …   Wikipedia

  • Ayrton — is either a first name, or more commonly, a surname, and may refer to:*Edward R. Ayrton (1882 1914), British Egyptologist *Hertha Marks Ayrton (1854 1923), British mathematician and physicist, wife of William Edward Ayrton *Michael Ayrton (1921… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayrton — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Edward Russell Ayrton (1882–1914), britischer Ägyptologe Hertha Marks Ayrton (1854–1923), britische Mathematikerin und Physikerin Michael Ayrton (1921–1975), britischer Künstler William Edward Ayrton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ayrton — /ˈɛətən/ (say airtuhn) noun Hertha, 1854–1923, English electrical engineer; conducted research in the field of the electric arc and invented an anti gas fan used in World War I …   Australian English dictionary

  • William Edward Ayrton — Infobox Scientist box width = name = William Edward Ayrton image size = caption = William Edward Ayrton birth date = 14 September 1847 birth place = London death date = 8 November 1908 death place = London citizenship = British nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • William Edward Ayrton — Fotografía al carbono por W. D. Downey. Nacimiento 14 de septiembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Edward Ayrton — (* 14. September 1847 in London; † 8. November 1908 ebendort) war ein britischer Physiker. Leben und Wirken Ayrton studierte in London und ging d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Айртон, Герта Маркс — Герта Айртон Hertha Marks Ayrton …   Википедия

  • List of mathematicians (A) — NOTOC A * A., Choudum S. (India, 1947 ) * Aalen, Odd (Norway, 1947 ) * Abakanowicz, Bruno (Russia/Poland/Lithuania, 1852 1900) * Abdelkader, Mostafa A. (Egypt, ? ) * Abel, Niels Henrik (Norway, 1802 1829) * Abelson, Harold (USA, ? ) * al Abharī,… …   Wikipedia

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